Introduction to HTML
How do we use HTML?
All we need to get started with our own HTML pages, is a file that
.htm. We can then open this file in our
favorite web browser and see what our page looks like.
An HTML page consists of elements created by opening and closing tags. The next lesson, elements, will cover the various elements we have available and how to use them.
Below is a starting HTML5 template we can use as a starting point when creating new HTML pages.
<doctype> tag tells the browser that it's looking at an HTML
document. This is a way of future proofing our document in case
browsers in the future defaults to a completely different type of
We specify the language of the document (English) next in the
<head> element contains information about the current document,
also known as metadata. We set the document character set here as well
as setting the title of the page.
<body> element defines the document's main body; what we can
see. This is mainly where we will be making changes while we are
<!doctype html><html lang="en"><head><meta charset="utf-8"><meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0"><title>Original title</title></head><body></body></html>
The code block below shows how to use an element with the tag
<tag>. HTML is hierarchical in nature which means that we can put
elements inside other elements, as demonstrated below where we have
<tag2> inside the parent element.